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Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act Of 1975

Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA) of 1975

Definition

A California tort reform act, passed in 1975, that may be replicated in other states. It has shown success in limiting the increases of medical malpractice costs. Several of MICRA's important features include: (1) non-economic damages that are capped for medical negligence at $250,000; (2) economic damages that are not capped; (3) damage limitations that are provided through the collateral source rule; (4) a sliding scale for lawyers' contingency fees; (5) a 90-day advance notice for filing a claim; and (6) a statute of limitations that requires notification within 1 year from discovery and within 3 years of the date of injury.

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