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Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act of 1975 (MICRA)

The Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA) of 1975 is a California tort reform act, passed in 1975, that may be replicated in other states.

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It has shown success in limiting the increases of medical malpractice costs. Several of MICRA's important features include (1) noneconomic damages that are capped for medical negligence at $250,000; (2) economic damages that are not capped; (3) damage limitations that are provided through the collateral source rule; (4) a sliding scale for lawyers' contingency fees; (5) a 90-day advance notice for filing a claim; and (6) a statute of limitations that requires notification within 1 year from discovery and within 3 years of the date of injury.