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"Lemon" test

The Lemon test is a three-part test commonly used to determine whether a government's treatment of a religious institution constitutes "establishment of a religion" (which is prohibited under the establishment clause of the First Amendment).

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Under the "Lemon test," named after the case Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602, 91 S. Ct. 2105 (1971), a government can only assist a religion if (1) the primary purpose of the assistance is secular; (2) the assistance does not promote or inhibit religion; and (3) there is no "excessive entanglement" between church and state.


endorsement test