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A disability is a condition that incapacitates a person in some way so that he or she cannot carry on normal pursuits.

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The definition of "disability" in disability income policies varies substantially and should be carefully examined. Disability may be total, partial, permanent, or temporary, or a combination of these. In the context of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), "disability" is defined as a recorded or perceived physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of an individual.