A law allowing employees to take up to 12 weeks annually of job-protected
unpaid leave. Such leaves are permitted in the event of a serious illness of
the employee or family member, or the birth or placement (through adoption or
foster care) of a child. The law applies to employers having 50 or more employees
and to employees who have worked for the employer for a minimum of 1,250 hours
during the prior year. Charges of discrimination against those taking leave
under the Act (or by those prevented from taking leave under the Act) can be
filed with the Department of Labor, which investigates and enforces claims.
In addition, an employee can sue his or her employer individually.
Such claims are covered by employment practices liability (EPL) policies.
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