Enforces the principal federal statutes prohibiting employment discrimination,
including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination
in Employment Act of 1967, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, Title I of the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, and Section
501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The EEOC was established by Title VII
of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and began operating July 2, 1965. Individuals
who believe they have been discriminated against in employment can file administrative
charges, which the EEOC investigates and then attempts to reach a voluntary
resolution between the charging party and the respondent if it finds that discrimination
has occurred. If unable to do so, the EEOC may sue in federal court.
The commission also issues regulatory and other forms of guidance interpreting
the laws it enforces.
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