A legal proceeding in which a case is tried before a judge rather
than a jury and the judge decides both questions of law and questions
of fact. Bench trials are less time-consuming and expensive than
jury trials and provide litigants with the procedural and evidentiary
protections that may not be available in an arbitration. Furthermore,
the fears of excessive jury awards are typically minimized when
a dispute is submitted to a judge as opposed to a jury.
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